The Case For Steam Carpet Cleaning v Dry Carpet Cleaning

If you’ve been scouring the internet for a carpet cleaner to clean your dirty carpets, you’ve probably come across the terms Steam Cleaning and Dry Cleaning, and perhaps you’re wondering what is the difference between the two, and which one you should choose. Some carpet cleaning businesses will perform both services, however, some will have their own particular specialisation that will advertise their as the best solution.

This article will give you a quick run down of what’s involved with the two different methods of carpet cleaning, and hopefully will allow you to make your own decision of which is the best option for your particular circumstances.

So, first to …

Steam Cleaning

Both services begin with vacuuming the carpet area to get rid of the top layer of dirt from the carpets, but from then on, they begin to differ.

Steam Cleaning uses a process that is called ‘hot water extraction’. During this process, a stream of hot water, kept under pressure, is injected into the carpet’s fibres. This water mixes with the dirt, dust, grit and all the other contaminants, is then vacuumed up with a vacuum cleaner, bringing the contaminants with it.

There are obviously advantages and disadvantages to this method. An advantage is that the cleaning you get from steam cleaning is deeper, as the hot water extraction method really gets into the lower layers of the carpet fibres to where the dust mites, bacteria, allergens and really deeply ground dirt hide. These are the types of things that could really affect people’s health, so to be able to remove them is a very large advantage.

An important disadvantage is quite clearly spelled out in the name of the process – hot water extraction. Because the process uses water, the carpet will be wet after the process finishes, and may take a while to dry. Also, if you have an inexperienced operator that is new to the process, or has an off day, they can do some damage to the carpet by making it far too wet.

Dry Cleaning

This process applies dry cleaning solvents to the carpet. Despite the name, a little water is also mixed with the solvents, but far less water is used than with Steam Cleaning. This mixture gets to work breaking down all the dirt and oily residue and every other contaminant you want to be removed from the carpet. Then, a little while later, the operator simply vacuums up what remains, leaving clean carpets in their wake.

In this case, an important advantage is listed out in the name of the service; when the process is complete, the carpet, while not perfectly dry, will be far dryer than carpet’s clean with the Steam Cleaning process, and will dry out far quicker. This means that carpets in high trafficked areas can be used again very quickly following a dry clean. A second advantage is that these solutions are very good at treating and removing more types of stains, particularly oily stains.

However, the major disadvantage is that Dry Cleaning does not produce as deep a clean as Steam Cleaning. Stubborn stains may remain, and those dust mites, bacteria, allergens and other things that hide away at the bottom of the carpet pile may not be affected.


This article wasn’t about telling you which solution to choose, but to give you a little bit of information so that you can make your own choice. Your particular situation will have to factor into what carpet cleaning solution you choose, so call a local carpet cleaning specialist. They can look at your carpets and your situation and give you a hand.

Carpets that are in high-traffic zones may be better off with the Dry Cleaning method, but for deep cleaning the Steam Cleaning is the better option. However, there is nothing to stop you going with the Dry Cleaning method for your interim cleans, and then every once an a while, performing a Steam Clean to get a real deep down clean.

But once again, we would ask you to call a carpet cleaning Cairns specialist to advise you.

How Should You Clean Cloth And Upholstery Furniture?

We buy our furniture according to its appearance, its comfort, its colour or pattern, and its compatibility with the other furniture in our homes. When it comes to upholstered furniture, we can choose between leather and cloth, and sometimes we can have both as part of our interior design.

When you need to clean this furniture, leather or cloth, there are points of difference that have to be taken into account. For best results, and to protect your furniture, a cleaning service that specialises in upholstery is the first choice. Then you can forget about the rules and reasons, and let those who know these things do what is best for your furniture.

You may wish to clean these items yourself, so you need to know why leather and cloth upholstery should be cleaned differently.

Firstly, they are, of course, different materials, and they require different treatment. A treatment which does an extremely good job on the leather, may cause damage to the cloth upholstery. And vice versa. A spot treatment that cleans the fabric, can discolour the leather. Even as the production processes of leather and upholstery fabric are different, so the cleaning instructions are different. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding cleaning. Leather needs more maintenance than cloth, as leather can crack and fade over time unless regular care is given to it. However removing spots and stains from leather is easier than from fabric, as the non-porous leather allows marks to be wiped away easily.

Tips from the experts

To keep fabric upholstery looking clean and fresh, start by getting covers that can help prevent spots and stains. Vacuum weekly, and immediately if it gets visibly affected by crumbs and the like.

The manufacturer has attached a tag with cleaning and maintenance instructions. It is important to give the correct treatment to the material that you are working on. For cloth upholstery, make a mixture in a spray bottle of ¼ cup of white vinegar, and ¾ cup of warm water, with one or two teaspoons of dishwash liquid. Shake before using and spray onto spots and stains, completely saturating them. Dab, don’t rub, with a damp microfibre cloth on the stained area to remove the marks. Rubbing may cause stains to deepen. Then use a towel and dry the area.

For leather upholstery, make a mixture in a spray bottle of ½ cup of olive oil with ¼ cup of white vinegar. Use this to clean the leather without stripping its natural oils and shine.

Clean leather upholstery on a regular basis by wiping with a microfibre cloth which has been dampened with equal parts of water and white vinegar. Afterwards, condition the leather with a mild oil (coconut oil, olive oil) mixed with white vinegar. At the end of the day, apply this mixture onto the entire leather surface. Next morning wipe with a dry microfibre cloth and this will buff and shine the surface.

If your furniture is heavily soiled, contact furniture cleaning professionals. They have the knowhow and experience to do the job properly.


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How to fix problems with your carpets

A new carpet is beautiful, lush and woolly, but after a length of time, with the wear and tear of normal foot traffic in a home, the carpet pile is crushed and matted. As well as foot traffic, the wear and tear on your carpet can be caused by incorrect vacuuming or cleaning.

Carpet crushing and matting

A reduction or loss in the thickness of the pile, due to day to day activities, is a normal occurrence. A way to circumvent this is to choose carpet that can tolerate the day to day foot traffic in the first place. Present this problem to your carpet retailer for advice on the best type of carpet for the different areas in your home. However if you have this problem in your existing carpet, the best people to contact would be those who clean and regenerate carpet professionally. They have the experience to achieve the best result possible.


Over time, your carpet may show signs of thinning. In most cases, it would be the carpet underlay that is the problem. The underlay cushions the carpet, so that it feels soft and bouncy underfoot. If your carpet seems to be wearing out quickly, it’s probably because the wrong underlay was used. Regardless of the underlay, regular cleaning is essential to remove the dirt and grime which is harmful to carpets, as it is to everything else in our lives.


Do you notice loose fibres, or carpet fluff on your floor, or when you vacuum? New carpets will shed,  but shedding should stop within 1 or 2 months.


Furniture is always going to leave indentations, and sometimes they become permanent and unable to be rectified. One way to solve this problem would be to move the furniture often, or use protectors under the furniture which will help to minimise or reduce indentations. Once again, ask the retailer to help choose a carpet which will not be affected by furniture indentations.

Colour problems

First and foremost, check the instructions on the cleaning product you want to use to spot clean the carpet. Some may cause discolouration. Try it first on an obscure part of the carpet. Apart from this, direct sunlight may cause colour to fade. Regular cleaning by an expert can help with this problem, as they use the right products for the purpose, and can even advise about re-dying the carpet, if this is necessary.

Split seams

In large areas, seams are necessary. But in those areas of high foot traffic (or kiddy play areas) the sections can separate and start to fray. You could glue down the edges, but this is not the final solution for the problem. The seam is quite likely to open up again. You need a carpet repairman to limit the damage and prevent further tears.


If the carpet is subject to moisture problems, buckling or rippling may occur. It may happen when the carpet is professionally cleaned, but when it is dry, the buckling or rippling should disappear. However if your environment is damp or humid, it may be necessary to re-stretch the carpet by the carpet repairer or installer.

As in all things, proper maintenance and care is important to keep your carpet beautiful, and a good professional carpet cleaning schedule helps do this.